Universal Basic Income: Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg are considering

100th birthday of Sebastian de Grazia (1917-2000)

KALOS: Greek word meaning both "good" and "beautiful"
COSMOS: Greek word meaning both "the world" and "the people"

Alfred de Grazia

Alfred de Grazia died on July 13th, 2014. KALOS.COsmos is the living website of his political ideas and projects. 

Kalos: A General Utopian Strategy

Alfred de Grazia wrote KALOS: What Is To Be Done With Our World? in the 1970s as a possible and visionary plan of action for a determined group to address problems of planetary, local and  individual scope the relevance of which is now timelier than ever. A few hours before he died, he was talking with a French friend on the telephone about creating an association to advance the goals of KALOS.
Kalos: a general utopian strategy

What needs has one? One's needs are fearlessly to subsist, to experience, and to be justly treated. 
What duties has one? One's duties are to help others fearlessly to subsist, to experience, and to be justly treated.

Alfred de Grazia, The Divine Succession

Universal Basic Income: the technology is here

chinese beggar with a QR code
Chinese beggar with a QR code.

A beggar in China collecting alms by way of a QR code...

According to internet consulting firm iResearch, payments made via mobile devices by Chinese consumers last year reached 38 trillion yuan (US$5.5 trillion, HK$43 trillion), more than half the nation’s GDP.

We are certainly well on the path here of the possible implementation of a Universal, Unconditional Basic Income system. 

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Before going to vote...

You may want to meditate over some of Alfred's thoughts on the Presidency - going back to the Sixties:

There is a dictator only because the bureaucratic state must have a face...

That there is a primitive attractiveness to rule by a single man appears to be a fairly well established anthropological principle...

The people are diverted by the party into accepting the disappearance of direct democracy, with its attractive but impossible promises, while keeping the myth...

The Supreme Court has no longer any shame about reading the Constitution as if its words meant nothing...

No question asked - and nothing asked in return...

The idea of a "Life Account System," or a "Basic Income" for all, is a main tenet of Kalos. See The Kalos Life Account system. We are thrilled that a popular referendum will be held on the subject of an Unconditional Basic Income in Switzerland. We are bringing here an interview of the initiators by Der Spiegel (January 28th, 2016)
Unconditional Basic Income referendum initiative  accepted in switzerland, bern
<<The date is set: on June 5th, depending on the outcome of a popular referendum, the Swiss will be able to start laying the switches for an unconditional basic income.

The principle of an unconditional basic income is the following: a sum, the same for all, is to be regularly paid out to every citizen, from the drifter to the billionaire, whether employed or jobless, no questions asked, and nothing asked in return.>>
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Who should inherit the Earth?

photo by james allison - cropped

by Alfred de Grazia

Alfred de Grazia wrote this "Manifesto" for a preparatory session at the United Nations in view of the Earth Summit in Johannesburg in 2002.

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Every child has an equal interest in the world, therefore an equal right to share in its inheritance.

What should the inheritance be worth?

The inheritance should be composed at the least of a sufficient diet, clean water, clothing and a shelter, an education, security of person and property, freedom to move about in an environment well-maintained, a right to honor, power, liberty of cultural and individual expression.

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Kalos: a general utopian strategy

This diagram contains the ideas of KALOS in their shortest and  clearest form:

Kalos: Word and Deed

To have Kalocracy requires:

First, an authoritative system of goals: that is called "Kalos." The principal parts of Kalos are the Trilogy of human drives: Emos, Pneumos, and Dikeos, which essentially mean to ingest, to quest, and to adjust.

Second, a group to achieve the ideals rapidly: the Tutors, they shall be called, if they are active. Sympathizers are called Kalists.

Third, a Method of Revolution: Stressed Democracy and Kalokinesis, to bring a) large-scale 360° change b) rapidly c) everywhere.

Fourth, a set of policies (economic, social and moral) that are sufficient, if adopted, to achieve the kalotic goals.

Fifth, constitutional process (or structure) for considering, shaping, and executing the policies. On the world level, this is Cosmarchy. On the group and national level it is Toparchy.

Preface of KALOS,1969

Man sets for himself ever more daring tasks. He hopes to create primitive life forms; he hopes to land on Mars; he hopes to dwell in Antartica; he hopes to eradicate cancers; he hopes to make computers do much of his routine thinking; these hopes and many more, are indeed partially fulfilled.

But the most engrossing task is yet to come. That is world revolution. By "World revolution" we mean a massive beneficial social change around the world in one generation. Such a revolution is nothing else but the imparting of decent order to the present chaos.

Thoughts of the greatest changes should not frighten and freeze mankind. Unmotivated,uncontrolled, and unguided, still man is already changing greatly. All things are in flux, said Heraklites in the ancient beginnings of philosophy; all things are in flux, because all things are full of gods.

Change is of the essence of things; directed change is the greatest challenge of the future. This book is a study of man's troubles, a vision of his possibilites, and a design to supply his needs. It seeks to orient the activist, and to reassure and enthuse the people. Its approach ranges from microscopic to macroscopic; its method is empirical and operational; and its purpose is to prescribe the political tactics of the coming fifty years within our GENERAL UTOPIAN STRATEGY.

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Thirty Years Ago: A Cloud Over Bhopal

In the night of December 3rd, 1984, a letal gas cloud escaped from the Union Carbide chemical plant in Bhopal, India, and killed 3,000 people. 8,000 more died within the following two weeks.  Some 500,000 were exposed and 45,000 sustained injuries. 8,000 more at least have since died of consequences of the exposure. A Cloud Over Bhopal is the fruit of Alfred de Grazia's research and reflection on the spot, the first book written on the disaster, a few weeks after the accident.Go to: A Cloud over Bhopal

"It is not superstition, but solid common sense, to pose the question of Bhopal in universal form: How can man use his most modern and ingenious developments in ways that will not turn upon his fellows and destroy them?"

There is a constant tendency, among parties as diverse as the poorest of victims and learned American environmentalists, to reduce the Bhopal problem to a particular safety failure for which an assignment of responsibility and quick compensation are the proper resolution. To the contrary, I would say that the meaning of Bhopal needs to be preserved and enlarged. It is a jolting reminder of the gas ovens of Auschwitz, the radiation cloud of Hiroshima, the burned women shirt-makers of a New York City sweatshop whose death began a new chapter in the history of safety and better working conditions. Bhopal can be a watershed in industrial, even in world, history if the victims receive fair treatment and full justice, and if a new code of conduct comes to govern transnational business operations.

Alfred de Grazia, A Cloud Over Bhopal (1985)

Go to: A Cloud over Bhopal

Faces of Bhopal (a private album)

Bhopal 1985 slums across Union Carbide plant

A Cloud over Bhopal

A Cloud over Bhopal by Alfred de Grazia

To purchase the book
A Cloud Over Bhopal
by Alfred de Grazia

Appeal of September 12, 2001

The horrors of total war struck a part of America yesterday. The attacks reminded me of when I sat down to a late breakfast in Chicago that morning of Pearl Harbor. They reminded me also of the suicidal kamikaze tactics that so terribly struck American naval forces as World War II neared its close, attacks that ended only because the enemy ran out of planes. They reminded me of the bombings that I witnessed as a soldier in World War II, the thousand tons that fell on the Abbey of Cassino, the bombing and blasting of so many villages and cities from Africa to Germany, the actual support by our government of terrorists in more recent times...
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Alfred de Grazia in his study-WTC on wall

Alfred de Grazia in his study (with R. Stern), picture of World Trade Center in the upper left hand corner. 

(Sarthe, Feb. 14, 2014)